(Naut.) A sailing vessel or one of its crew; -- orig. so called contemptuously by sailors on steam vessels. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
An army bugler or trumpeter; any performer on a wind instrument. [Slang] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Word Netwindjammer n : a large sailing ship
Moby ThesaurusAB, Ancient Mariner, Argonaut, Captain Bobadil, Dylan, Flying Dutchman, Gascon, Neptune, OD, Poseidon, Texan, Varuna, able seaman, able-bodied seaman, agreeable rattle, babbler, big mouth, big talker, blab, blabberer, blatherer, blower, blowhard, bluejacket, blusterer, boaster, brag, braggadocio, braggart, buccaneer, chatterbox, chatterer, deep-sea man, fair-weather sailor, fanfaron, fisherman, gabber, gabbler, galley, gasbag, gasconader, gibble-gabbler, great talker, hearty, hector, hot-air artist, idle chatterer, jabberer, jack, jack afloat, jack-tar, jacky, jay, limey, lobsterman, magpie, mariner, matelot, miles gloriosus, moulin a paroles, navigator, patterer, pirate, prater, prattler, privateer, rattle, sail, sailboat, sailing boat, sailing cruiser, sailing ship, sailing vessel, sailor, salt, sea dog, sea rover, seafarer, seafaring man, seaman, shipman, tall ship, tar, viking, water dog, whaler, windbag, windboat, windsailor, windship, windy, word-slinger
- This article is about a historical type of sailing ship. For information on the cruise lines, see Windjammer Barefoot Cruises
Windjammers are often confused with clippers, but they are two different breeds. A clipper is a sailing vessel optimized for speed; windjammers are optimized for cargo and handling. Most clippers were of composite construction, full rigged and had cargo capability less than 1000 tonnes; windjammers are of steel construction, usually barques and have far greater cargo capacity. The clippers had already begun to disappear when windjammers emerged.
Windjammers were mainly produced from the 1870s to the 1890s, when the steamships began to outpace them economically, due to their ability to keep a schedule regardless of the wind. Steel hulls also replaced iron hulls at around the same time. The windjammers usually had semi-mechanized rigging, steel profile masts and yards and steel cables as running rigging where plausible. Since the windjammer hull is hydrodynamically optimized for good hydrodynamics because of sail handling, they were (and are still) capable of attaining great speeds; most four-masted barques were able to cruise at 15 kn on plausible winds, some logged 18 kn regularly and Herzogin Cecilie is known to have logged 21 kn. Their speed made them able to compete with steamers, which usually could barely do 8 kn, on ultra-long voyages. The crew of a windjammer was surprisingly small; they could be operated at as small crew as 10, and a typical crew could be master, boatswain, 15 seamen and 15 apprentices. The surviving crew list of Moshulu while under Finnish flag contains master and 32 hands.
From 1916 to 1917, Imperial Germany operated the SMS Seeadler windjammer as one of the last sailing ships used in war.
Windjammers were used commercially (though recognised as a dying breed) until the 1950s. They occupied something of a niche in the transport of goods from remote ports where coal and water were not available, such as parts of Australia (carrying wool or grain) and remote islands (harvesting guano). Windjammers were also used particularly for the transport of South American nitrates.
The largest windjammer in existence is four-masted barque Moshulu, which is today a luxury restaurant ship in Philadelphia, PA, US. The largest windjammer in still sailing service is Russian school ship, four-masted barque Sedov.
Windjammers can still be seen at international naval events like SAIL Amsterdam and the Kiel Week in Kiel, Germany.
- Gorch Fock (1933)
- Gorch Fock (1958)
- Herzogin Cecilie
- SMS Seeadler
- Star of India
- Voyaging With The Wind: An Introduction to Sailing Large Square Rigged Ships, Alan Villiers, H.M. Stationery Office 1975
windjammer in German: Windjammer
windjammer in Dutch: Windjammer
windjammer in Japanese: ウィンドジャマー
windjammer in Polish: Windjammer
windjammer in Chinese: 大型鐵身帆船